Pandemic winter dread is real. Here’s how to conquer it. – Vox

Pandemic winter dread is real. Here’s how to conquer it. – Vox
— Read on

The minimalist retirement wardrobe re-titled Quarantine Wardrobe.

Now that many people are working from home.. there is an opportunity to downsize your wardrobe. I did this when I retired but it has some relevance for the quarantine wardrobe. It is tempting to hold on to work clothes, but it is at the expense of freeing up room in your closet.  A lot of my work clothes were kind of dated anyway. Joe Fresh has almost everything you need for retirement. Yes I know their hiring practices in Bangladesh have been controversial but you can’t beat the prices and styling and there are no snooty ageist sales people. Ok no sales people.  I have converted many of my friends to Joe Fresh who already shop at the Salvation Army.   What is about baby boomers that draws them to the Salvation Army? The Tyee has written on the role of clothing in global warming. Most of my peers have had minimalist wardrobes most of their life.

Yes you need a two season wardrobe in Vancouver.. Winter/Spring/Fall and Summer. Don’t forget Junuary. Are you working part time? Ok let’s say you need business casual two days a week. Save something from your work wardrobe. Do laundry once every 2 weeks. If you do laundry once a week you can do with a smaller wardrobe.

2 days a week work wardrobe all year round.

    • 1 pair black pants or tights
    • 1 long black/grey/burgundy warm sweater
    • 4 long sleeve t-shirts any colour.  I suggest Patagonia if you want a good quality t-shirt that fits loosely. Or Joe Fresh but their stock varies from month to month.
    • 4 short sleeve t shirts any colour
    • 4 pairs black socks
    • 1 pair shoes/runners depending on dress code
    • 2 scarves – warm, fancy etc to dress up wardrobe and keep neck warm.

This takes care of 4/14 days all year round.

Asymmetric Hem Stripe Print Cowl Neck Navy T Shirt

Winter/Spring/Fall in Vancouver

  • Tights – 2 pairs black, 1 multicolor for fun
  • 10 long sleeve t-shirts -various colours


  • Rain coat with lining: Hely Hansen  is my favourite because it has a zip up collar at the neck, a two way zipper and flannel lined pockets as well as a light weight lining
  • Windproof shell you can wear over down or fleece jacket.
  • I seldom wear wool sweaters in the winter in Vancouver.
  • 1 Fleece Jacket
  • Down coat, knee length. It can be very windy in Vancouver and the dampness goes right through you.   Here is my favourite from Eddie Bauer.    I am on my second one.. buy a dark colour!
  • Short lighter weight down jacket with shell – Eddie Bauer and North Face have lots to choose from.
  • And of course you need socks.  I love socks that have padding! These are winter socks with lots of padding

Summer in Vancouver/Travelling south in the winter

  • Knee length tights – 2 pairs, black and multicolour.  Joe Fresh has a great selection.  Very cute patterns.
  • 2 pairs LLBean Comfort trail shorts because the waist is adjustable, quick dry, will last forever and good for travelling south.  Black and khaki. $ 50.00 US.
  • The  Mountain Hardwear Women’s Dynama Capri cropped pants, they are stretchy and have pockets big enough for an iphone.  The Mountain Hardwear Dynamo line come in shorts and long pants as well.   I have replaced both shorts and knee length tights with the MH cropped pants.

Short Sleeve Split Neck Butterfly Print BlouseShort Sleeve Split Neck Butterfly Print Blouse

  • 10 short sleeve t-shirts various colours and styles.
  • Two dresses with short sleeves. Can wear to work.

In Vancouver you will seldom need: Sundresses, tank tops, tops with spaghetti straps or bathing suits. Vancouver is pretty casual so the work wardrobe can work for upscale events. Layers are the best way to go as the weather changes hourly and from area to area in the city.


Now that we are in quarantine can shift to a more comfortable bra.  I have been shopping around for the best sport bra/no wire and found it online at La Vie en Rose.   Once you switch it will be hard to go back to a regular bra.  I have found this style also reduces rashes under your breasts.  I have recently discovered a similar model as Walmart.  534-113-0-03_001_1








Finally I have added the Quarentine Hoodie for those cool evening quarentine walks and hikes.

Places to shop for masks. 

Fine Art America

Face Masks Against COVID-19: An Evidence Review[v1] | Preprints

The science around the use of masks by the general public to impede COVID-19 transmission is advancing rapidly. Policymakers need guidance on how masks should be used by the general population to combat the COVID-19 pandemic. Here, we synthesize the relevant literature to inform multiple areas: 1) transmission characteristics of COVID-19, 2) filtering characteristics and efficacy of masks, 3) estimated population impacts of widespread community mask use, and 4) sociological considerations for policies concerning mask-wearing. A primary route of transmission of COVID-19 is likely via small respiratory droplets, and is known to be transmissible from presymptomatic and asymptomatic individuals. Reducing disease spread requires two things: first, limit contacts of infected individuals via physical distancing and contact tracing with appropriate quarantine, and second, reduce the transmission probability per contact by wearing masks in public, among other measures. The preponderance of evidence indicates that mask wearing reduces the transmissibility per contact by reducing transmission of infected droplets in both laboratory and clinical contexts. Public mask wearing is most effective at stopping spread of the virus when compliance is high. The decreased transmissibility could substantially reduce the death toll and economic impact while the cost of the intervention is low. Thus we recommend the adoption of public cloth mask wearing, as an effective form of source control, in conjunction with existing hygiene, distancing, and contact tracing strategies. We recommend that public officials and governments strongly encourage the use of widespread face masks in public, including the use of appropriate regulation.
— Read on

Places to shop for masks. 

Fine Art America


Coronavirus: Why You Must Act Now – Tomas Pueyo – Medium #covid19

With everything that’s happening about the Coronavirus, it might be very hard to make a decision of what to do today. Should you wait for more information? Do something today? What? Here’s what I’m…
— Read on

E-bikes vendors and reviews

I have discovered a variety of ebikes on Hornby. I have been chatting with local ebike users locally to find out what brands they are using.  One local user  told me that e-bikes are hard to brake and another person (female) said she had frequently fallen off.  What has been your experience?  I see men riding them, when they have bought them for their wives who don’t appear to be riding the bikes themselves.

I did a bit of research on Amazon to find the most highly rates and lightest e-bikes. They carry DJ and HOTEBIKE as well as BCBikes Conversion kits.  My Amazon wish list e-bikes. Amazon does not carry all brands.

The one that looked the coolest to me around Hornby was the Surface Rook.  It is $2000 US and you can order online for Sept 2019 delivery. I believe you have to assemble it when it arrives.  There doesn’t appear to be dealers and you have to order online.

Another model I have seen here is the TREK.  They are carried in  BSP bikes in Vancouver  with prices ranging from $2000-> $5000 CDN.  They have a good selection and I think this would be a good place to try out different models and sizes.  BSP also carry the Electra Band.  The Electka brand has a few good reviews.  Most models have to be ordered and the delivery time is 2 weeks. My preference is leaning toward the Electra Loft Go 8i step-through as it seems to have a smaller frame.  The specs don’t include weight which is unfortunate.  Also it costs $ 3700! Cute and rave reviews. 

The benno line is the featured image at the top of the page.  It was the Bicycling World Editors Choice in 2017.   It can be ordered through the following dealers.

There is another vendor in Vancouver called EbikeBC.  They have several models, conversion kits and used ebikes starting at $700.  They also have a blog with a lots of useful information.  The have folding bikes, tricycles and recumbent bikes.  They have locations in BC, Ontario and Quebec.  Their EVO is 25% lighter than other models.

If you want more information, try an E-<a href=”http://Ebikes: a buyer’s guide: Understand ebikes and buy the one that’s best for you“>bike guide on Amazon or Electric Bikes: The Ultimate Guide: 2020 Edition (Kindle) or more Electric bike advisor. This review site appears to be unbiased.  Their top step-through is the Pegasus Premio Evo 10e.

I’d like to hear your reviews of ebikes if you have used them.

Ebikes of Hornby

Your help is needed to replace the gym on Hornby Island.

In Aug 2018 the Hornby Island school burned down. So far the provincial government has not committed to replacing the full size gym that was used for many activities on the Island. There is a meeting on Hornby on June 20 with the School Board so we need to forward as many letters as possible before then.  Are you willing to write letters or emails? A draft letter is attached below. Emails and/or letters can be sent to:

Scott Fraser MLA: Mail: Scott Fraser, Room 323 Parliament Buildings, Victoria, BC V8V 1X4

Rob Fleming, Minister of Education: Mail: Room 124 Parliament Buildings, Victoria, BC V8V 1X4

John Horgan, Premier: Mail: P.O. Box 9041 Stn Prov Govt, Victoria, BC V8W 9E1

Please cc all emails to:


Dear Minister Fleming, MLA Scott Fraser and Premier John Horgan;

I am writing you to request your support for the replacement of the destroyed gym on Hornby Island with a full sized gym.

Hornby Island community suffered a devastating blow when the school was destroyed by fire in August 2018. I understand the Ministry of Education is the final stages of finalizing funding levels for the new school. The school was relocated to the Community Hall from Sept-Dec and currently functions out of 4 portables. It has come to my attention that the insurance for the gym replacement is only adequate to cover the cost of a gym the quarter of the size of the original full size gym. Hornby is apparently just below the threshold to qualify for full replacement funding. Hornby is a remote island with no alternate community recreation facilities. The existing buildings are often booked with other activities, do not have enough space or are in need of repairs or replacement of equipment. The one facility with some modest fitness equipment has just put out a call for donations of exercise bikes, treadmills etc.

The gym is the center for all in-school sports and after school programming, summer sports activity, emergency preparedness training, toddler and preschool gym, seniors exercise, all ages badminton, teen night, basketball, pickle ball, indoor soccer, tennis, plays and fairs.

There is evidence that people in rural areas have higher BMI compared to urban dwellers which has been a recent trend. (1). Forty percent of the population on Hornby is over 65 and needing regular physical activity all year round including facilities that are handicapped accessible. Regular physical activity helps prevent dementia, (2–5) (6), obesity (7), diabetes(8,9), hypertension, (10) cardiovascular disease(11–13), falls (14), cancer (15) and progression of osteoarthritis. (16) Physical activity also improves pregnancy outcomes (17) and helps maintain social networks. Strong evidence demonstrated that physical activity reduces the risk of fall-related injuries by 32% to 40%, including severe falls requiring medical care or hospitalization. (14). For every increase of 2000 steps per day over baseline, there was an 8% yearly reduction in cardiovascular event rate in individuals with impaired glucose tolerance. (18) In fact, the gym might be even more important for the rest of the population than the school kids. The gym also offered many special events that drew tourists and supported the local economy.

In addition to the gym, a small Natural History Centre was lost. The Centre was an interactive museum that offered learning opportunities for everyone in the community. In addition, it was an important summer tourist attraction that contributed to the sustainability of the economy.

I would appreciate your recommendation to the Ministry of Education for the full replacement of the gym and Natural History Center to their original size and function. The island has done considerable fundraising for a new art center and the appetite for additional fundraising is dwindling.

Your truly

As it turned out.. the school board had already done some scenarios about funding that includes enough sq. ft. to include a full size gym space. The Ministry of Education has a funding envelope that includes funding for emergencies which is going to be used to fund the replacement of the school. Lesson learned: don’t believe everything you hear or read on Facebook.


  1. Bixby H, Bentham J, Zhou B, Di Cesare M, Paciorek CJ, Bennett JE, et al. Rising rural body-mass index is the main driver of the global obesity epidemic in adults. Nature [Internet]. 2019;569(7755):260–4. Available from:
  2. Kivimäki M, Luukkonen R, Batty GD, Ferrie JE, Pentti J, Nyberg ST, et al. Body mass index and risk of dementia: Analysis of individual-level data from 1.3 million individuals. Alzheimers Dement [Internet]. 2018 [cited 2019 Jun 17];14(5):601–9. Available from:
  3. Vaillant GE, Okereke OI, Mukamal K, Waldinger RJ. Antecedents of intact cognition and dementia at age 90 years: a prospective study. Int J Geriatr Psychiatry [Internet]. 2014 Dec [cited 2019 Jun 17];29(12):1278–85. Available from:
  4. Morgan GS, Gallacher J, Bayer A, Fish M, Ebrahim S, Ben-Shlomo Y. Physical activity in middle-age and dementia in later life: findings from a prospective cohort of men in Caerphilly, South Wales and a meta-analysis. J Alzheimers Dis [Internet]. 2012 [cited 2019 Jun 17];31(3):569–80. Available from:
  5. Sabia S, Dugravot A, Dartigues J-F, Abell J, Elbaz A, Kivimäki M, et al. Physical activity, cognitive decline, and risk of dementia: 28 year follow-up of Whitehall II cohort study. BMJ [Internet]. 2017 Jun 22 [cited 2019 Jun 17];357:j2709. Available from:
  6. A dementia Strategy for Canada.
  7. JAKICIC JM, POWELL KE, CAMPBELL WW, DIPIETRO L, PATE RR, PESCATELLO LS, et al. Physical Activity and the Prevention of Weight Gain in Adults. Med Sci Sport Exerc [Internet]. 2019 Jun [cited 2019 Jun 17];51(6):1262–9. Available from:
  8. Laaksonen DE, Lindström J, Lakka TA, Eriksson JG, Niskanen L, Wikström K, et al. Physical activity in the prevention of type 2 diabetes: the Finnish diabetes prevention study. Diabetes [Internet]. 2005 Jan [cited 2019 Jun 17];54(1):158–65. Available from:
  9. Smith AD, Crippa A, Woodcock J, Brage S. Physical activity and incident type 2 diabetes mellitus: a systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies. Diabetologia [Internet]. 2016 [cited 2019 Jun 17];59(12):2527–45. Available from:
  10. Pescatello LS, Buchner DM, Jakicic JM, Powell KE, Kraus WE, Bloodgood B, et al. Physical Activity to Prevent and Treat Hypertension: A Systematic Review. Med Sci Sports Exerc [Internet]. 2019 Jun [cited 2019 Jun 17];51(6):1314–23. Available from:
  11. Lear SA, Hu W, Rangarajan S, Gasevic D, Leong D, Iqbal R, et al. The effect of physical activity on mortality and cardiovascular disease in 130 000 people from 17 high-income, middle-income, and low-income countries: the PURE study. Lancet (London, England) [Internet]. 2017 Dec 16 [cited 2019 Jun 17];390(10113):2643–54. Available from:
  12. Bennett DA, Du H, Clarke R, Guo Y, Yang L, Bian Z, et al. Association of Physical Activity With Risk of Major Cardiovascular Diseases in Chinese Men and Women. JAMA Cardiol [Internet]. 2017 [cited 2019 Jun 17];2(12):1349–58. Available from:
  13. Kivimäki M, Kuosma E, Ferrie JE, Luukkonen R, Nyberg ST, Alfredsson L, et al. Overweight, obesity, and risk of cardiometabolic multimorbidity: pooled analysis of individual-level data for 120 813 adults from 16 cohort studies from the USA and Europe. Lancet Public Heal [Internet]. 2017 Jun [cited 2019 Jun 17];2(6):e277–85. Available from:
  14. Dipietro L, Campbell WW, Buchner DM, Erickson KI, Powell KE, Bloodgood B, et al. Physical Activity, Injurious Falls, and Physical Function in Aging: An Umbrella Review. Med Sci Sports Exerc [Internet]. 2019 Jun [cited 2019 Jun 17];51(6):1303–13. Available from:
  15. MCTIERNAN A, FRIEDENREICH CM, KATZMARZYK PT, POWELL KE, MACKO R, BUCHNER D, et al. Physical Activity in Cancer Prevention and Survival. Med Sci Sport Exerc [Internet]. 2019 Jun [cited 2019 Jun 17];51(6):1252–61. Available from:
  16. KRAUS VB, SPROW K, POWELL KE, BUCHNER D, BLOODGOOD B, PIERCY K, et al. Effects of Physical Activity in Knee and Hip Osteoarthritis. Med Sci Sport Exerc [Internet]. 2019 Jun [cited 2019 Jun 17];51(6):1324–39. Available from:
  17. DIPIETRO L, EVENSON KR, BLOODGOOD B, SPROW K, TROIANO RP, PIERCY KL, et al. Benefits of Physical Activity during Pregnancy and Postpartum. Med Sci Sport Exerc [Internet]. 2019 Jun [cited 2019 Jun 17];51(6):1292–302. Available from:
  18. KRAUS WE, JANZ KF, POWELL KE, CAMPBELL WW, JAKICIC JM, TROIANO RP, et al. Daily Step Counts for Measuring Physical Activity Exposure and Its Relation to Health. Med Sci Sport Exerc [Internet]. 2019 Jun [cited 2019 Jun 17];51(6):1206–12. Available from:



E-bikes are helping keep seniors young

E-bikes are helping keep seniors young and, in some instances, even alleviating the symptoms of Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s.

— Read on

This should help rural people to become more active. I saw a fellow on a $2000 Costco ebike yesterday. It was a gift to his wife. 🙄


Physical inactivity, cardiometabolic disease, and risk of dementia: an individual-participant meta-analysis | The BMJ

Physical inactivity, cardiometabolic disease, and risk of dementia: an individual-participant meta-analysis | The BMJ
— Read on